In presenting the work “Nature and Concepts of Administrative Law”, the aim is to seek to provide a brief, compact and clear enunciation of various concepts of Administrative Law in the backdrop of the dynamic nature of this branch of law. Administrative Law, though an ancient law, being concerning the administration, as a distinct and separate branch of jurisprudence, has grown and developed in the Twentieth Century. The main force behind this development has been the advent of the concept of Welfare State during the Nineteenth Century, resulting in the phenomenal increase in the area of State operation. If the State is to care for its citizens from their cradle to grave (welfare philosophy), it needs a huge administrative apparatus. It, in turn, requires conferring discretionary powers on the administration to enable it to discharge effectively its functions, varied and multifarious in scope, nature and ambit. But, the discretionary powers must be kept within bounds of law. Here, Judiciary steps into, to check and salvage the situation, so that discretion of the administration, an essential concomitant of administrative age, must not become its arbitrariness. Judicial review of administrative actions, not only keeps administration within the limits of law, but also, protects the rights and safeguards interests of citizens. It is, thus, the very heart and soul of Administrative Law. Besides judicial, other effective checks against the administration, so as to minimise the disregard of the principle of “separation of powers”, have been discussed. These include parliamentary, public, media, control. These aspects have been discussed at appropriate places.
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